E-ISSN 2582-5178
 

Review Article 


An overview of working models and approaches to climate smart livestock farming

Pranav Kumar and Amandeep Singh.

Abstract
Climate Smart Farming (CSF) is an approach for sustaining the farming by creating resilience in the practices through reorientation or transformation in the changing climate scenario. Climate change is true and affecting all types of farming globally. Agriculture is quite vulnerable to climate change due to changes in temperature, flash floods, droughts, etc. Similarly, measurable effects of climate change can be witnessed on livestock production through reduction in yields, spread of diseases, breeding problems, physiological changes, etc. Thus, there arises a need to develop climate smart methods for undertaking livestock farming in a sustainable and profitable way. Various working models pertaining to Climate Smart Livestock Farming (CSLF) in different parts of the world ensuring resilience and sustainability has been discussed in this paper. Approaches to climate smart livestock farming in the form of improved husbandry practices like genetic improvement of livestock, scientific housing, optimum nutrition, better herd management and utilization of digital technologies for combating with the climate change have also been discussed. Further, in developing nations like India where majority of the livestock farmers are marginal to small, the role of extension and advisory services is critical for sustainable and climate smart livestock farming and combating the climate change.

Key words: Climate Smart Livestock Farming, Climate change, Extension, Management, Models


 
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Pranav Kumar and Amandeep Singh (2020) An overview of working models and approaches to climate smart livestock farming .